Hadleigh Road Bucket 25 cm diameter, top & bottom, iron hoops – 13mm wide flat & 8mm wide d-shaped, 2 iron handle mounts, iron handle w/boat shaped section grip. Grave 52, bead group B, great square headed brooch
Suffolk Wives-and-Girlfriends scan of postcard with bead string, a few coins, and a great square headed brooch
Flyer for Ipswich museum display annular brooch, with garnet etc, and more beads (lots of amber) and more square headed brooches
Bead from Freckenham on Portable Antiquities – type is Koch20 Yellow, phase B dating, size a bit larger than book standard
Reference book – Glass Beads from Early Anglo-Saxon Graves Birte Brugmann, 2004, Oxbow Books — The books a bit hard to understand until you realize that the point of the book is to figure out how beads can be used to date grave sites, rather than just the metal work, not just about cool beads. I was a bit bummed that there weren’t more photos in the book. Bead group A1 is 450-530, A2 is 480-580, A2b is 530-580, B1 is 555-600, B2 is 580-650, C is 650 to the end of "furnished" Anglo-Saxon graves. So B2 is perfect for Dorcas.
Additional references available at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/projArch/brugmann_var_2003/
I’m liking Hadleigh Road Grave 57 – 3 amber, 15 monochrome cylinder round, with 8 Koch34white, 3 Koch34yellow, and 10 Koch34blue. Dated B2
Also good, Hadleigh Road Grave 95 – 4 amber, 2 monochrome, 44 multi-color, & 2 other – including 3 DotReg, 3 Dot 34, 8 Koch34white, 5 Koch34yellow, and 23 Koch34blue. Dated B2. The total # of beads isn’t always totaling up.
However, what is obvious, is that Hadleigh Road B dated graves nearly always have 1, 2, or all 3 varieties of Koch 34, and some amber, and cylinder round. The DotReg or Dot34 are less common, but there. There aren’t any Traffic Light beads.
15 graves from Hadleigh Road are B dated, most B2. The range for # of beads is 5 to 108. Median # of beads is 22. Mode happens to be 22, as it’s the only # that has a duplicate. The average is 37.53, which of course is because the top of the range have lots of beads. If we drop the top 3 and bottom 3, the average is then 28 beads. For graves with amber, the range is 81% to 7%. The larger sets of beads are more likely to have amber, about 45% amber or so. The huger strings are more likely to include older beads, like the Traffic Lights, & Melon beads. I’ll need to find out what graves have what in terms of other grave goods.
Bead from Yaxley on Portable Antiquities – monochrome blue glass – dating indeterminate
Bead from Eye on Portable Antiquities – Streaked traffic light – Traffic Light beads are characteristically Anglian, yet earlier dated than Dorcas wants to go. Maybe do just one.
Great-square headed brooch may be most common for Bead group B2. This one is from Ipswich
I have lots more to check in Portable Antiquities, and the Anglo-Saxon textile database.
Cloth & Clothing in Early Anglo-Saxon England, 450-700, Penelope Walton Rogers, 2007 has the conclusions, and this database has the raw information.
More information about the Hadleigh Road site. It’s only 1 Km from the Buttermarket cemetery. Beadwise, the Buttermarket graves have fewer beads, and are dated C, not B, which is where Dorcas wants.
Hadleigh Road Grave 42, has flax, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 20×12 threads per centimeter, the folds pierced by an annular brooch. This grave also had 8 amber beads and 2 monochrome beads.
Hadleigh Road Grave 39 has a mineralized fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, fine threadcount, on the front of an annular brooch. This grave also had 10 amber beads, 2 monochrome, and 2 other beads. Other could be rock crystal, bone, jet or cowrie shell. Also in this grave, there is a mineralized, 2/2 weave, ZxZ spun, medium threadcount textile on the back of the same annular brooch. And yet more textile remains in this grave, is a mineralized fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 18×12 threads per cm, on the front of a second annular brooch.
Hadleigh Road, unknown grave, an annular brooch with possibly a mineralized twill, ZxZ spun
Hadleigh Road, probably Grave 46, plant fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, variable thread counts, perhaps 2 fabrics, on front of annular brooch. Threads per cm range from 10-16 x 8-9. There aren’t any bead records for Grave 46. Also linked to this grave, is a bit of 4-hole tabletweaving. Mineralized fiber, Zx? spun, threadcount is 15tw by 6-7 we (I’m not sure what that means yet.), Pattern description is SSSSS. It’s on the front, curving around the edge, perhaps a border on ?ZS, with ?fringe. I’m assuming that when the database has ? right before a statement, it’s because the are not completely sure of their conclusions, as there are not enough material left to make a firm determination. Under the tabletwoven band, is a bit of ZxS spun, 2/2 weave, associated with the annular brooch.
Hadleigh Road, Grave 92, mineralized fiber, twill weave, ZxS spun, on the pin on the back of a brooch. The brooch is an inlaid disc brooch, with cu/a (abbrevation for copper alloy, I believe) Beads for Grave 92 include 1 amber, 2 monochrome, and 6 polychrome – 1 Koch 58, 2 Cylinder Round, 1 Koch34White, 1 Koch34Yellow, 2 Koch34Blue, – I’m guessing that one of the Cylinder Round beads was bi-or poly-chrome, as we just listed 7 dateable beads. The grave is dated B2.
Hadleigh Road Grave ?106, plant fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 22×18 threadcount, "selv? tablet weave, poss border". Textile was in twisted folds around and under the chatelaine chain and key. No bead records for Grave 106. Also associated with this grave, is a bit of tablet 4-hole weaving. mineralized fiber, undetermined spin, 20tw by ? for threadcount, pattern description is ZSZSZS, lying on top of fine linen tabby, possibly a border, this is also associated with the chain & Key.
Hadleigh Road 52, mineralized fiber, 2/2 weave, Zx?Z spun, 10×10 threadcount, associated with iron bucket fragments. This grave has one of the highest bead counts, 88 total. 52 amber, 24 monochrome, 11 bi- & poly-chrome. The individually listed beads are 2 mosaic &2 melonBlue (these 4 dating from the A2b stage), 1 Koch20White and 3 CylinderPentagon beads (these characteristic of B1 date), 1 Koch34White (B2date),
Buttermarket, the one with datable beads, are mostly C dated. There is one record of interest, Grave 2962, female, 7th cent, bead made of Ag (silver), and with possibly a bead string textile remains – S-ply thread or cord. Also in that same grave, a mineralized fiber, warp-faced weave, Zx? spun, fine threadcount, on the back of 2 Ag beads. One of these beads is the one that has the possible cord, mentioned above. More for this grave – mineralized fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 13-14 x 10 threadcount, PLEATED (3 per cm, above spin-patterned tabby on ring), associated with an iron ring, key, and rods. Still more for this grave, Wool, ?2×2 weave, ZxZ spun, 16-18 x 14-15 threadcount, on sheath of knife and shaft of latch, also a ring & key associated. Here’s the fancy one, a possibly wool, spin patterned tabby, Z S x Z S spun, 20-30 x 18-22 threadcount, Pattern 3Z/3S x6S/6Z/2S, 2S/1Z x 5S/5Z, In two folds with key, Inside ZZ tabby on ring, knife and rod/latchlifter, and ring, all iron are associated objects. And yet another one, (obviously this burial was perfect for preserving textile bits), mineralized fiber, 2/2 weave, ZxZ spun, in the soil block with the iron key. Even one more, wool, 2/2 weave, ZxS spun, in the soil block with iron key. I really, really wish that more beads and brooches were associated with this grave. Hope I can find the reports.
Finally, a different Buttermarket grave 3686, mineralized, 2/2 diamond weave, 20 x 18 threadcount, on one side of an iron buckle loop Same grave, different textile, mineralized, 2/2 weave, ZxS spun, on the same buckle.
Buttermarket grave 4275, adult female, mineralized fiber, 2/2 weave, ZxZ spun, fine threadcount, On iron knife sheath & poss on iron chatelaine & silver pendant. Also another textile, mineralized fiber, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 7-9 x 10-12 threadcount, in pleats, associated with silver fragment (which is NOT the pendant) and iron chatelaine. Yet another textile, coarse-fibered twill, ZxS spun, on iron chatelaine. Still another textile, flax/hemp, tabby weave, ZxZ spun, 26 x 18 threadcount, On (cu/a) pin shaft, on necklace & (ag) pendants x2. One more textile, mineralized fiber, a very fine twill?, Zx? spun, on the (cu/a) coin only
Boss Hall, another Ipswich site, seems to mostly be late 5th cent to 6th cent. Dorcas wants late 6th to 7th cent.. However, there is one possibility, although a bit later dated.. Grave 93, dated late 7th, to early 8th, has a mineralize fiber, spin patterned tabby weave. Zx Z+S spun, 16-20 x 14-24 threadcount, Z x 4S,4Z is the pattern, some closer woven (selv? Close-set area, 36 x 14) possible border, associated with an iron knife, iron fitting, and iron chatelaine 5. Another textile, a S-ply cord was around the rods of the iron chatelaine 5, under the spin-patterned tabby. Grave 93 has only 6 monochrome and 2 multi-color beads, one of which is an Annular Twist bead, bead phase C. Grave 93 has a disc brooch (cu/a+ag+au) with several loose fibers on the top – flax, wool, & lime bast. (I have no clue what "lime bast" is, although I understand "bast" fiber, being flax, hemp and some others. But what is Lime?) In this grave, there is a bag or handle, with stitching, mineralized fiber, S-ply x ? spun, 13-14 x 4 threadcount, selvage, Edge of bag or handle. Stitched double thread, associated with the iron chatelaine 4. Last textile for this grave is a mineralized fiber, tabby weave, Zx ? spun, and this is only On obj 30 of iron chatelaine 5 only. Notice that there are at least 2 iron chatelaines.
A bit farther away, Westgarth Gardens, is near Bury St. Edmunds, in western Suffolk. Some graves are possibly in the right range.Grave 9, again, again, and Grave 52, again, again, again. might be helpful. I’ll come back to these if necessary.
I uploaded a pdf to the Calontir Beads site about the Dot34 bead. Anyone know if I can upload a pdf onto my LJ and where?
A Girdle hanger is a possibility
Oooh, here’s the reference to a metal dectector find near Ipswich, just a few years ago, BUT that means that the treasure report should be on the Portable Antiquities Database. Off to seek.
This might be the ones he found – North of Ipswich – an incomplete Annular brooch – size when complete probably about 40-45mm diameter.
This is definitely the one found – its described in it’s whole collection, with quite a bit of discussion about it, and it was declared treasure. Unfortunately, they really focus on the Great Square headed Brooch. Yeah it’s nice, but what about the other stuff? However, the date given is 500-570, so a bit early for Dorcas.
Here’s a buckle from "north of Ipswich" pretty low-key
And a sleeve clasp from "north of Ipswich". This silver one would be easy to make. Date is 500-600, a wide range, and possibly not the height of fashion by 600, but, easy to make.
Here’s some annular brooches at the Ashmolean Museum. Too bad they don’t give very specific information. Likely they are from Oxfordshire.
Stuff to look up –
|E.Crowfoot||unpub||a||in C.J.Scull in prep, Anglo-Saxon cemeteries at Boss Hall and St Stephen’s Lane/Buttermarket, Ipswich.|
|E.Crowfoot||unpub||b||E.Crowfoot ‘Hadleigh Road, Ipswich, Anglo-Saxon Cemetery’ typescript|
S.J. Plunkett, Guardians of the Gipping. Anglo-Saxon Treasures from Hadleigh Road, Ipswich (Ipswich 1994). 19 p. 18 fig.
N.F. Layard, "An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Ipswich." Archaeologia 60, 1907, 325-352. 329; 342; 346
What’s all of this? Well Dorcas Whitecap, Bard & Herald, was announced for Pelican. She may be having HE Maerwyn do her clothes, & Dorcas wants to do fairly early period Anglian. I’m trying to determine what is the correct selection of beads and other doo-dads that Dorcas should wear, if she was living in Ipswich (aka Gipeswic) about 600 AD. I want to offer her some options, and then she can decide what she wishes to wear. Her medallion, cloak, hat etc will be handled by others, I’m just thinking about the dress accessories which she should have at the beginning of the ceremony.
You all know I’m into the dress accessories, and like it best when there is a fairly tight time and place. Sutton Hoo burial is only 9 miles from Hadleigh Road. This isn’t an area I’ve focused on in the past, so I’m collecting research & inspiration. I’ll post more later. I suspect that some of the links won’t work, as you have to agree to terms of service, and the links may be search term dependent. I hope they work.